The Amazing Boxer Dog

boxer dog

Chunky and agile, stubborn and poised, friendly and defensive – the German Boxer seems to be a dog full of contradictions. But it is precisely this versatility that makes the Boxer a real all-rounder.


Although today the Boxer is mainly popular as a pet, it also functions well as a guard, search and rescue dog as well as a play or sport dog. Even as a babysitter and playset, the good-natured and playful Boxer qualify. The boxer hits with flying colors for any intended job.

This is mainly because he is willingly submissive and can be molded together. The Boxer is considered very uncomplicated and eager to learn, who is friendly and without deceit towards his owners. Their calm and balanced nature makes them excellent family dogs. Even in families with young children, a Boxer feels comfortable. His endless patience, which does not run out of even the most exuberant of toddlers, is admirable. He loves children and plays and romps with them into old age.

As affectionate and loyal as he is with his family, so attentive and vigilant is he for things that can disrupt the ‘family ideal’. Towards strangers, a Boxer is initially suspicious and aloof. In an emergency, he would not hesitate to protect and defend his family. The courage and fearlessness he shows make the Boxer a reliable watchdog that has nothing to fear compared to other breeds in this group. However, Boxers never react snappily or maliciously for no reason. When his owners give the ‘safe’ signal, he is easily convinced of the visitors’ good intentions and loves to make new friends.

It is mainly his innate strong nerves and his strong self-confidence that ensure that the Boxer always remains manageable and that the, at first sight, contradictory character traits lead to a successful overall picture.

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However, the German Boxer convinces his enthusiasts not only because of his diverse nature but also because of his unique appearance. Especially characteristic is its head with the slender and angular skull and the widest possible and powerful teeth. Another typical feature is the so-called overbite, in which the lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw so that the bulging upper lip is still supported by the teeth of the longer lower jaw.

The dark mask on the muzzle is clearly distinguishable from the head color. Boxers are allowed by the FCI as yellow and striped variants. The yellow color varies from light yellow to dark, with the standard preferably showing red-yellow middle tones. With striped Boxers, dark or black stripes (tiger) should stand out clearly against the yellow base color.

The short, smooth, and sleek coat emphasize the strong and muscular physique of the German Boxer. Despite their rather stocky build, the Boxer is anything but clumsy and heavy. The lively movements, especially reflected in the muscular hind legs, show all the strength and grace of this breed. The Boxer’s physique is square, which means that the height at the withers is equal to the body length. The strong, round neckline runs in an elegant arc from the neck to the shoulder.

Tail and ears are natural. Ear cropping, which involves cutting away parts of the seven-week-old puppy’s ears, was banned in 1996 by the Animal Protection Act. The tail has also not been cut off since 2001. Because the docking ban has not been issued in all countries, animals with cut ears and tails can still be found in this country, but from other countries. According to the FCI, cropped ears and tails are not considered a fault, although docking is fundamentally rejected for beauty reasons. The natural ears, like the tail, are set high and reach to the jaw. The dark eyes with black eye rims give the Boxer its characteristic, energetic look.

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History of the Boxer

The Brabant Mastiff will also have radiated strength and energy, which is considered the direct ancestor of the German Boxer. In the Middle Ages, dogs of the nature of the Brabant Mastiff were spread over many European countries. They were primarily bred to hunt dangerous game such as bears or wild boars. From the 16th to the 18th century, the strong dogs in England were also trained for show fighting, in which they had to fight bulls and wrestle them just like in the hunt. With its wide mouth, they bit their prey so tightly until it finally fell to the ground.

For breeding, which at that time was usually in the hands of the hunters, mainly dogs with a broad muzzle and a snub nose were selected. The description of these Mastiffs, given by George Franz Dietrich of Winchell in his ‘Handbook for Hunters and Game Enthusiasts’ in 1820, is reminiscent of the appearance of today’s Boxers: ‘Bull and bear biters, one not too large, but a strong, brave breed of dog with thick, short heads.

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They take whatever they’re sent for, but it’s hard. They usually have docked ears and tails, which are trimmed when they are six weeks old. Their wickedness and anger can easily make people and animals dangerous, so the breed is not allowed in several countries.” So while the Mastiff’s stature and physique bear many similarities to the appearance of the German Boxer, The behavior of today’s much-loved family dog ​​hardly shows anything in common with the aggressive hunting dog.

The change in the nature of the offspring is linked to the advent of firearms, which made dogs used for hunting unnecessary and quickly limited their breeding. In the late 19th century, through crosses with the inbred English Bulldog, an attempt was made to create a new breed of dog with the same ancestry, but which differed greatly in nature. In 1895 the founders of this new breed were united in Munich in the ‘Boxer Club’.

The German Boxer’s name comes from Munich meaning ‘Beer Boxer’. The Munich breeders quickly envisioned what their ‘Bierboxer’ should be: a beautiful, elegant family dog, free from any awkward appearance or even repulsive, terrifying ugliness.’ Essentially created in 1905, this standard is still valid today at Boxer Clubs.

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Breeding and health

The Boxer Club, based in Munich, is still responsible for defining the breed standard. This is then taken over by the FCI. Officially recognized as a service dog in 1924, the Boxer was initially bred primarily as a working dog, but this breed purpose is rare today. It is noteworthy that, despite their initial breed standard, the members of the Boxer Club always had in mind the evolution of the dog’s nature and did not look at power or beauty in its long history. This allowed the Boxer to optimally develop its many positive qualities.

The dog breed gained worldwide fame in the 1930s when the cynologist Friederun Stockmann took part in numerous exhibitions and elections with his Boxer ‘vom Dom’. With his Boxer Lustic vom Dom, Stockmann has laid the foundation for the current Boxer in dog racing and because of this he is known and popular worldwide.

In addition to the first Boxer Club in Munich, today there are countless other clubs around the world that are committed to the German Boxer. In addition to the national and world championships, these clubs regularly hold breed shows and competitions by country or territory. The standards for a successful Boxer still rest with the Munich Boxer Club. For example, only Boxers are allowed to breed that fully meet the standards and requirements. In addition to the appearance, health and nature of the animal, the level of fitness is also tested. Boxers who have not passed the breeding entry requirements are rigorously barred from breeding.

Breed guards supervise the birth of all litters of the breeders and check whether the animals comply with the provisions of certified pedigrees from the VDH and FCI. Strict controls are intended to prevent the spread of hereditary diseases. Unfortunately, the Boxers are predisposed to a number of hereditary diseases, such as deformities, hip dysplasia (HD), osteoarthritis or spondylosis (osteoarthritis of the spine). Tumors or cardiovascular diseases are also common. Careful breeding is essential for this highly sensitive breed.

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Ideally, when evaluating the health of breeding dogs, not only the dog’s parents, but also the siblings, half-siblings, grandparents, uncles and aunts should be considered. Caution is therefore advised especially with Boxers that are sold as a favorable ‘bargain’ by unserious breeders. In order to avoid high veterinary costs and the early death of the dog, the buyer should inform himself thoroughly about the breeder in advance.

Membership of the Boxer Club and the presence of certified pedigrees bearing the VDH and FCI emblems are hallmarks of a responsible breeder, guaranteeing the breeder’s commitment and dedication. Most of the 12,000 members of the Boxer clubs keep their Boxers in the family. The puppies are educated and trained on the grounds of 220 local clubs. In addition to the extensive competitive sports, here are exercises for keeping, caring for, and raising your Boxer.

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Nutrition for the boxer

Dogs need a meat-rich diet. Some brands, such as Royal Canin, offer specially adapted food for the Boxer. Make sure that in addition to the right food, your dog always has fresh drinking water.

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Keeping and educating

Although Boxers are considered very uncomplicated and friendly dogs, who like to submit to their owners, a good and consistent upbringing must be followed in order for all these positive qualities to come to light. But his eagerness to learn and his docile obedience makes him a very pleasant student, so teaching soon pays off. What is important with the Boxer is that his trainer is always calm, serene, and humorous with him.

With coercion or even violence, Boxers can also show their stubborn and willful nature, which is certainly not in the interest of their owners. On the other hand, when the dogs feel completely at home, they always remain loyal to their family and willingly follow the rules of their upbringing. But above the ‘feeling’ comes their sports program at Boxers. Boxers are very agile dogs that like to exercise extensively. They like long walks with the family, as well as jogging with their sporty owners or hiking through nature. If exercise in the fresh air is also combined with small games, the Boxer is completely unstoppable.

Even older animals are always enthusiastic with balls, sticks, shooting games or pulling games. No wonder the Boxer is so good with children, thanks to his cheerful and happy spirit and his uninhibited playfulness. The Boxer, therefore, feels very well in families with children. Even in families with small children, where it can be quite turbulent, Boxers usually remain balanced and friendly thanks to their nerves of steel. Problems can at most arise with young Boxers who can startle the children (or their parents) due to their exuberance. Puppies know no bounds in their playfulness and boisterousness.

For example, the young Boxer must be taught to be careful with children (and adults), a consistent upbringing is important from the start, in this way the dog learns certain rules and restrictions when dealing with people. That does not mean that adult Boxers, who have not received such an education in their early childhood, can no longer be taught this. If you’re looking for a shelter dog, a few hours at the dog school is well worth it, where the Boxer’s eagerness to learn is sure to be satisfied.

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Because of his lifelong eagerness to learn and his innate desire to subordinate himself, Boxers are also suitable for novice dog owners, but novice dog owners do not mean that you should be completely uninformed. When the Boxer is your first dog, in addition to the usual background knowledge about the dog’s breed, you must necessarily follow some training rules and training exercises to bring joy to your Boxer and guarantee you an inseparable human-dog combination.


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